In total, the pickets numbered around 8,000 while 5,000 police officers - pulled together from different forces but led by South Yorkshire Police - were dispatched to the plant.
The National Union of Miners called the strike in response to the Government’s March 1984 announcement that it was closing 20 pits, with many more set to follow. The pits were the lifeblood of coal communities across Britain.
NUM leader Arthur Scargill had seen success in the 1972 strike, when a picket he led successfully closed Birmingham’s Saltley Gate coking works. There, the miners heavily outnumbered the police. The result was the three day week as Mr Scargill successfully strained Britain’s energy supply.
His intention was to repeat the trick at Orgreave.
The police, however, had other ideas and were ready and waiting. The officers, many decked out in riot gear and some on horseback, met the strikers with force.
Trouble escalated when horse-mounted police charged at the mass-picket. Clashes followed, with an estimated 120 miners and officers injured.
A total of 95 miners were arrested on trumped up charges including rioting and unlawful assembly. Four of the men were from County Durham.
But their trial collapsed after 16 weeks, amid accusations of unreliable evidence, fabrication and perjury.
Compensation was paid out to 39 of the men in out-of-court settlements, costing South Yorkshire Police £425,000.
On Saturday, the North East miners associations will be sending representatives to South Yorkshire to mark the Battle of Orgreave’s 32 anniversary,
The Orgreave Truth and Justice Campaign has organised a march and rally as part of their drive for justice.
They will meet at The Old Bridge, Orgreave Lane, on the outskirts of Sheffield, at 5pm.
The campaigners are leading the fight for a public inquiry.
Calls for an inquiry into South Yorkshire Police’s handling of Orgreave have stepped up over recent months following the recent inquest into the deaths of 96 Liverpool fans at Hillsborough in 1989.
A jury found the fans were unlawfully killed, while South Yorkshire Police’s planning and actions contributed to their deaths.
Orgreave Truth and Justice Campaign chair Joe Rollin said: “In recent weeks the demand for the Government to set up an inquiry has become immense.
“People from all over the country – and some from other parts of the world - are telling us they have written to Home Secretary Theresa May urging her to speed up the decision she promised when we made our legal submission to her six months ago.
“After Hillsborough the demand for accountability of those to whom we entrust the responsibility for ensuring law and order in our communities has become unanswerable.
“Raising the standard for truth and justice ahead of our rally at Orgreave on Saturday June 18 will remind the Government of the urgency of now. Justice yet further delayed is justice denied.”
Alan Cummings, chairman of the Durham Miners’ Association, told the Chronicle last month: “There should be at the very least a public inquiry into what happened at Orgreave. In fact there should be a public inquiry into the whole policy of the dispute.”
Mr Cummings says when police evidence was given at the miners’ trial, “some of the jurors were actually laughing at what some of the police said it was such nonsense and so obviously made up”.
He added: “Yet not one officer, top or bottom from that day to this has been prosecuted. And Orgreave wasn’t a one off. There other incidents, like at Mansfield, where miners had gathered for a rally. A number were arrested and charged with riot.
“Witnesses were asked by the defence if they knew what a riot was and was it a riot they saw that day?
“They said they knew what a riot was and no it hadn’t happened, Instead they talked about how police violence and how they went over the top.”